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  1. Original article

    Sleep patterns among shift-working flight controllers of the International Space Station: an observational study on the JAXA Flight Control Team

    Flight controllers of the International Space Station (ISS) are engaged in shift work to provide 24-h coverage to support ISS systems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and associated...

    Koh Mizuno, Akiko Matsumoto, Tatsuya Aiba, Takashi Abe, Hiroshi Ohshima, Masaya Takahashi and Yuichi Inoue

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:19

    Published on: 1 September 2016

  2. Short report

    Does degree of alteration in effort sense caused by eccentric exercise significantly affect initial exercise hyperpnea in humans?

    Previous research has shown an exaggeration in exercise hyperpnea 2 days after eccentric exercise (ECC). Enhancement in central command has been suggested as one candidate to account for this effect given that...

    Norio Hotta, Kaoru Yamamoto, Hisayoshi Ogata, Patrick Maher, Naoya Okumura and Koji Ishida

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:18

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  3. Original article

    Measurement of superficial and deep abdominal muscle thickness: an ultrasonography study

    Real-time ultrasound imaging is a valid method in the field of rehabilitation. The ultrasound imaging allows direct visualization for real-time study of the muscles as they contract over the time. Measuring of...

    Nahid Tahan, Khosro Khademi-Kalantari, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Saeed Mikaili, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban and Shapour Jaberzadeh

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:17

    Published on: 23 August 2016

  4. Original article

    Postural control and contingent negative variation during transient floor translation while standing with the ankle fixed

    Adaptation changes in postural muscle activity and anticipatory attention were investigated with the ankle joint fixed to change postural control strategies during transient floor translation.

    Vitalii Lytnev, Katsuo Fujiwara, Naoe Kiyota, Mariko Irei, Hiroshi Toyama and Chie Yaguchi

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 36:7

    Published on: 25 July 2016

  5. Original article

    Annual variation in daily light exposure and circadian change of melatonin and cortisol concentrations at a northern latitude with large seasonal differences in photoperiod length

    Seasonal variations in physiology and behavior have frequently been reported. Light is the major zeitgeber for synchronizing internal circadian rhythms with the external solar day. Non-image forming effects of...

    Mathias Adamsson, Thorbjörn Laike and Takeshi Morita

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 36:6

    Published on: 19 July 2016

  6. Original article

    The effect of the kindergarten barefoot policy on preschool children’s toes

    This study compared the effects of barefoot policy, a policy instructing preschool children to go without shoes, on untouched-toes, which do not touch the ground while standing normally, of preschool children ...

    Shigeki Matsuda, Kosho Kasuga, Tadayuki Hanai, Tomohiro Demura and Keisuke Komura

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 36:4

    Published on: 7 July 2016

  7. Original article

    Anatomical cross-sectional area of the quadriceps femoris and sit-to-stand test score in middle-aged and elderly population: development of a predictive equation

    Although the sit-to-stand (STS) test score has been shown to relate to the strength and size of the quadriceps femoris (QF) for elderly population, it is unknown whether this relationship is influenced by a po...

    Akira Saito, Ryoichi Ema, Takayuki Inami, Sumiaki Maeo, Shun Otsuka, Mitsuru Higuchi, Shigenobu Shibata and Yasuo Kawakami

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 36:3

    Published on: 29 June 2016

  8. Editorial

    Microbiome and mental health in the modern environment

    A revolution in the understanding of the pathophysiology of mental illness combined with new knowledge about host/microbiome interactions and psychoneuroimmunology has opened an entirely new field of study, th...

    Emily Deans

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 36:1

    Published on: 27 June 2016

  9. Original article

    Relationship between performances of 10-time-repeated sit-to-stand and maximal walking tests in non-disabled older women

    Sit-to-stand (STS) test is extensively used to assess the functionality of the lower body in elderly people. This study aimed to examine how the score of STS can be associated with that of maximal walking (MW)...

    Naoko Yanagawa, Teruichi Shimomitsu, Masashi Kawanishi, Tetsuo Fukunaga and Hiroaki Kanehisa

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 36:2

    Published on: 27 June 2016

  10. Original article

    Mitochondrial DNA 5178 C/A polymorphism modulates the effects of coffee consumption on elevated levels of serum liver enzymes in male Japanese health check-up examinees: an exploratory cross-sectional study

    Longevity-associated mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism modulates the effects of coffee consumption on the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and abnormal glucose tolerance. The...

    Akatsuki Kokaze, Masao Yoshida, Mamoru Ishikawa, Naomi Matsunaga, Kanae Karita, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Hinako Nanri, Kiyomi Mitsui, Hiromi Hoshimo and Yutaka Takashima

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:15

    Published on: 4 June 2016

  11. Original article

    Cold-induced vasodilation comparison between Bangladeshi and Japanese natives

    The human thermoregulation system responds to changes in environmental temperature, so humans can self-adapt to a wide range of climates. People from tropical and temperate areas have different cold tolerance....

    Aklima Khatun, Sakura Ashikaga, Hisaho Nagano, Md Abdul Hasib and Akihiro Taimura

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:13

    Published on: 3 May 2016

  12. Original article

    Characteristics of body composition and cardiometabolic risk of Japanese male heavyweight Judo athletes

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of body composition and cardiometabolic risk of Japanese male heavyweight Judo athletes compared with heavyweight athletes of other sports.

    Hiroko Murata, Satomi Oshima, Suguru Torii, Motoko Taguchi and Mitsuru Higuchi

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:10

    Published on: 6 April 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:11

  13. Review

    Light-sensitive brain pathways and aging

    Notwithstanding its effects on the classical visual system allowing image formation, light acts upon several non-image-forming (NIF) functions including body temperature, hormonal secretions, sleep-wake cycle,...

    V. Daneault, M. Dumont, É. Massé, G. Vandewalle and J. Carrier

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:9

    Published on: 15 March 2016

  14. Original article

    Associations of anthropometric measures on breast cancer risk in pre- and postmenopausal women—a case-control study

    The type of silhouette and quantity of fat tissue are correlated with hormonal imbalance which plays a substantial role in breast carcinogenesis. The goal of the study was to investigate the association betwee...

    Renata Pacholczak, Wiesława Klimek-Piotrowska and Piotr Kuszmiersz

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:7

    Published on: 8 March 2016

  15. Original article

    Event-related brain potential and postural muscle activity during standing on an oscillating table while the knee, hip, and trunk are fixed

    In this study, a cast brace was used to immobilize the knee, hip, and trunk, and relations between the event-related brain potential (ERP) and postural muscle activity were investigated while standing on an os...

    Katsuo Fujiwara, Mariko Irei, Naoe Kiyota, Chie Yaguchi and Kaoru Maeda

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:6

    Published on: 18 February 2016

  16. Reviewer acknowledgement

    Reviewer acknowledgement 2015

    The editors of Journal of Physiological Anthropology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 34 (2015).

    Akira Yasukouchi

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:5

    Published on: 16 February 2016

  17. Original article

    Hemoglobin as a possible biochemical index of hypertension-induced vascular damage

    We previously reported on the positive association of hemoglobin with hypertension and atherosclerosis. On the other hand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been evaluated as a possible biochemical index of h...

    Yuji Shimizu, Koichiro Kadota, Mio Nakazato, Yuko Noguchi, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Shuichi Nagata, Kazuhiko Arima and Takahiro Maeda

    Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2016 35:4

    Published on: 28 January 2016

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