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Table 3 Odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for atherosclerosis in relation to height stratified by body mass index (BMI)

From: Relationship between adult height and body weight and risk of carotid atherosclerosis assessed in terms of carotid intima-media thickness: The Nagasaki Islands study

  Height quartiles For one SD increment in height
Q1 (low) Q2 Q3 Q4 (high) P for trend
Carotid atherosclerosis (CIMT ≥ 1.1 mm)       
 Overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2)       
   Number at risk 93 121 102 115   
   Number of cases (percentages) 36 (39) 38 (31) 23 (23) 15( 13)   
   Age-adjusted OR 1.00 0.75 (0.42 to 1.35) 0.61 (0.32 to 1.18) 0.43 (0.21 to 0.88) 0.018 0.75 (0.58 to 0.97)
   Multivariable OR 1.00 0.69 (0.37 to 1.28) 0.54 (0.27 to 1.08) 0.37 (0.17 to 0.79) 0.008 0.71 (0.54 to 0.94)
 Non-overweight (BMI < 25 kg/m2)       
   Number at risk 238 228 219 221   
   Number of cases (percentages) 65 (27) 57 (25) 45 (21) 33 (15)   
   Age-adjusted OR 1.00 1.14 (0.74 to 1.77) 1.15 (0.72 to 1.84) 1.03 (0.61 to 1.72) 0.845 1.13 (0.94 to 1.35)
   Multivariable OR 1.00 1.06 (0.67 to 1.68) 1.09 (0.67 to 1.78) 0.87(0.51 to 1.49) 0.724 1.05 (0.87 to 1.27)
  1. Multivariable OR: adjusted further for age, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive medication use, body mass index, smoking, alcohol intake, diabetes, serum triglycerides, serum HDL-cholesterol, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and serum creatinine; carotid atherosclerosis defined as CIMT ≥ 1.1 mm; height quartiles: < 158.7 cm (Q1), 158.7 to 163.0 cm (Q2), 163.1 to 167.9 cm (Q3), and > 167.9 cm (Q4).