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Table 3 Root mean square (RMS)(%) of the electromyography signal

From: The effect of cane length and step height on muscle strength and body balance of elderly people in a stairway environment

  Arm (RMS) First foot (RMS) Second foot (RMS)
Step height (cm)    
0 0.57* ± 0.34 0.53* ± 0.70 0.63 ± 0.80
18 0.89 ± 0.83 0.48 ± 0.51 0.45 ± 0.58
27 1.01* ± 0.89 0.70* ± 0.88 0.41 ± 0.34
33 1.17* ± 1.18 0.89* ± 0.89 0.46 ± 0.57
Cane length    
Cane 1 0.92 ± 0.95 0.70 ± 0.87 0.47 ± 0.44
Cane 2 0.75 ± 0.68 0.71 ± 0.93 0.49 ± 0.67
Cane 3 1.02 ± 0.94 0.52 ± 0.55 0.51 ± 0.72
No cane 0.64 ± 0.69 0.50 ± 0.57