Skip to main content

Table 2 Subjective assessment scores

From: Interaction between valence of empathy and familiarity: is it difficult to empathize with the positive events of a stranger?

  Control (CT) Stranger observation (SO) Friend observation (FO) P value (Friedman test) Post hoc (Wilcoxon signed-rank test)
Duration   0 (0) 42.6 (13)   SO < FO (P < 0.001)
IOS Scale   1.5 (0.65) 5.29 (1.2)   SO < FO (P < 0.001)
STAI-State 41.43 (8.02) 42.42 (7.68) 41.85 (10.66) ns  
Concentration 6.93 (1.64) 6.14 (2.41) 7.29 (1.51) ns  
Interest 5.86 (1.92) 6.07 (1.59) 6.36 (1.45) ns  
Attention 6.14 (2.35) 6.21 (2.39) 6.93 (1.69) ns  
Emotional movement 3.64 (2.06) 4.21 (2.12) 6 (1.92) ns  
Perspective taking 3 (1.88) 4.64 (2.1) 4.86 (2.54) <0.05. CT < SO (P < 0.1)
CT < FO (P < 0.1)
Negative emotions 2.4 (1.54) 4.59 (1.9) 4.87 (1.36) <0.001 CT < SO (P < 0.05)
CT < FO (P < 0.01)
Positive emotions 3.39 (1.78) 4.56 (1.47) 5.43 (1.28) <0.05 CT < FO (P < 0.05)
SO < FO (P < 0.05)
  1. Note. All values are expressed as mean (standard deviation). Degrees of freedom (df) = 13, only positive emotions (df) = 10. Post hoc test was performed with Holm correction. CT = control condition; SO = stranger-observation condition; FO = friend-observation condition; STAI = State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; IOS = Inclusion of Other in the Self Scale; ns = not significant.