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Table 2 Summary of studies that assessed association of dermatoglyphics with juvenile hypertension

From: Dermatoglyphics in hypertension: a review

Author Country Group Ethnicity Age Number Sex Diagnostic criteria Dermatoglyphic findings
Palyzová et al. [24] Czech Republic Cases Inhabitant Prague population 13–27 172 M = 116,
F = 56
Elevated BP detected accidently.
Scrutinized to rule out secondary causes of Hypertension
Qualitative traits
In hypertensives (both sexes): significantly lower ulnar loops and increase whorls. More frequent occurrence of distal triradius (mostly t1) and more missing axial triradius
Quantitative traits
In hypertensives (both sexes): higher TFRC and significantly high mean atd angles
In hypertensives (females): lower a–b ridge count observed in right hand
Control Inhabitant Prague population 15–65 240 M = 130 Healthy individuals.
Not suffering from high BP.
No family history of hypertension or its complications
F = 110
Polat MH et al. [25] Istanbul Turkey Cases   19–35 21 M = 15 Diagnosed patients with hypertension secondary clinical, biochemical, and radiological causes of hypertension excluded Qualitative traits
In hypertensives (females): Significantly lower ulnar loops and higher whorl.
In hypertensives (both sexes):
Significantly lower occurrence of loops interdigital area in 111 and higher occurrence in H area. Significantly lower axial triradius t occurrence. Ending of palmer
A line is more common in position 4
Quantitative traits
In hypertensives (males): significantly higher TRC
F = 6
Control    50 M = 25 Healthy controls
F = 25
  1. M male, F female, NR not reported, BP blood pressure, TRC total ridge count, TFRC total finger ridge count