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Table 4 Studies that assess associations of blood pressure with dermatoglyphic variables

From: Dermatoglyphics in hypertension: a review

Author Country Group Ethnicity Age Number Sex Diagnostic criteria Dermatoglyphic findings
Stevenson et al. [30] Merseyside England Cases NR Born between 1980 and 1981 128 NR BP measured with automated oscillometric monitor and using a small adult size cuff (Dinamap 1846SX). The last of the 3 readings of systolic and diastolic blood pressure was used in the analysis No significant differences
Comparison group NR Age matched 128 Sex matched to cases Age, sex, and school matched comparison group
Godfrey et al. [31] Lancashire London Follow-up study NR 47–56 139 Both male and female BP measured with automated recorder (Dinamap) while the subjects were seated. Mean values of 2 BP readings (at 5-min interval) were obtained and used in the analysis Qualitative traits
Mean SBP: 8 mmHg higher in 93 men and women with whorl pattern in 1 or more fingers compared with the other 46 who had no whorls.
Whorls on the right hand more strongly associated with higher SBP than whorls on the left hand.
Mean SBP rose by. 2.2 mmHg for each additional whorl on the right hand.
Quantitative traits
Mean ARC: SBP rose by 0.88 mmHg for every increase of 10 in ridge count on the right hand and by 0.53 mmHg for every increase of 10 in ridge count on the left hand.
Mean SBP: rose by 0.37 mmHg for every increase of 10 in ridge count. People with narrow atd also had higher SBP, prominent for the right hand. Mean SBP rose by 0.49 mmHg for each degree decrease in palmar angle on the right hand [32]
  1. M male, F female, NR not reported, ARC absolute ridge count, TRC total ridge count, BP blood pressure, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, ARC absolute ridge counts