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Table 2 Comparison of anthropometric measurements of cases and controls

From: Associations of anthropometric measures on breast cancer risk in pre- and postmenopausal women—a case-control study

  Premenopausal women Postmenopausal women All women
n = 239 n = 248 n = 487
Cases (61) mean value (SD) Controls (178) mean value (SD) P value Cases (132) mean value (SD) Controls (116) mean value (SD) P value Cases mean value (SD) Controls mean value (SD) P value
Overall body size
 Body mass (kg) 67.98 (13.06) 65.45 (12.16) 0.28 69.47 (12.24) 70.18 (12.11) 0.71 69.0 (12.49) 67.32 (12.34) 0.14
 Height (m) 1.59 (0.06) 1.59 (0.06) 0.38 1.56 (0.06) 1.55 (0.06) 0.20 1.57 (0.06) 1.58 (0.06) 0.16
 WHR 0.80 (0.05) 0.76 (0.05) <0.01 0.81 (0.05) 0.81 (0.07) 0.21 0.81 (0.05) 0.78 (0.07) <0.01
 BMI 27.14 (5.96) 25.59 (4.78) 0.26 28.48 (4.54) 29.14 (4.46) 0.99 28.07 (5.06) 26.99 (4.96) 0.05
 Waist circumference (cm) 82.21 (10.68) 78.92 (10.53) 0.05 87.06 (10.61) 89.25 (12.0) 0.30 85.52 (10.84) 82.99 (12.21) <0.01
 Hip circumference (cm) 103.23 (9.46) 103.53 (9.07) 0.85 106.86 (10.75) 109.5 (10.13) 0.08 105.71 (10.47) 105.89 (9.93) 0.95
Regional body sizes
 Arm circumference (cm) 29.19 (4.24) 28.87 (3.34) 0.87 30.05 (3.64) 31.12 (3.74) 0.03 29.78 (3.85) 29.76 (3.67) 0.66
 Thigh circumference (cm) 56.13 (5.2) 54.58 (5.31) 0.05 55.70 (5.12) 53.59 (6.56) 0.01 55.83 (5.13) 54.19 (5.83) <0.01
 Wrist circumference (cm) 16.26 (1.06) 15.91 (0.92) 0.02 16.95 (1.08) 16.55 (1.14) 0.01 16.72 (1.12) 16.16 (1.06) <0.01
 Neck circumference (cm) 34.58 (2.87) 35.61 (2.21) 0.21 35.02 (2.47) 35.45 (2.35) 0.29 34.88 (2.6) 35.54 (18.0) 0.10
 Triceps skinfold thickness (mm) 30.50 (9.39) 24.52 (7.4) <0.01 30.03 (8.96) 27.84 (7.46) 0.21 30.19 (9.07) 25.84 (7.59) <0.01
 Subscapular skinfold thickness (mm) 32.32 (12.68) 29.42 (11.44) 0.12 35.35 (11.06) 33.72 (12.51) 0.08 34.4 (11.65) 31.12 (12.04) <0.01
 Suprailiac skinfold thickness (mm) 34.35 (12.81) 34.06 (14.05) 0.88 38.57 (11.7) 42.73 (15.44) 0.09 37.23 (12.19) 37.49 (15.2) 0.80
 Calf skinfold thickness (mm) 20.44 (5.74) 17.87 (4.62) 0.02 19.88 (5.22) 18.97 (5.24) 0.33 20.04 (5.35) 18.3 (4.89) 0.01
Thickness of the skeleton
 Hip width (biiliocristal) (mm) 59.35 (3.81) 58.05 (4.6) 0.04 61.04 (5.64) 62.73 (5.23) 0.02 60.52 (5.19) 59.9 (5.36) 0.08
 Shoulder width (biacromial) (mm) 76.53 (4.65) 73.86 (4.84) <0.01 76.50 (6.38) 73.35 (5.33) <0.01 76.51 (5.88) 73.66 (5.04) <0.01
 Wrist width (mm) 52.54 (2.97) 51.66 (3.1) 0.17 54.07 (3.18) 53.77 (3.4) 0.58 53.6 (3.18) 52.48 (3.38) 0.01
 Elbow width (mm) 71.80 (7.46) 64.38 (5.1) <0.01 72.50 (9.93) 66.84 (5.76) <0.01 72.31 (9.28) 65.36 (5.5) <0.01
 Knee width (mm) 93.81 (9.53) 92.78 (6.73) 0.32 97.03 (8.89) 96.79 (8.1) 0.83 96.03 (9.16) 94.32 (7.53) 0.07
 Ankle width (mm) 66.13 (3.47) 63.90 (3.67) <0.01 66.59 (4.08) 64.96 (3.84) 0.01 66.45 (3.88) 64.31 (3.77) <0.01
 Arm width (mm) 76.29 (3.55) 74.51 (3.86) <0.01 77.60 (3.76) 74.88 (3.9) <0.01 77.19 (3.74) 74.65 (3.87) <0.01
 Transverse chest diameter (mm) 278.25 (21.52) 267.13 (20.92) <0.01 276.61 (21.16) 275.27 (23.11) 0.63 277.13 (21.22) 270.34 (22.13) <0.01
 Sagittal chest diameter (mm) 202.92 (23.28) 198.76 (21.96) 0.33 218.16 (23.14) 219.87 (23.04) 0.76 213.37 (24.18) 207.09 (24.62) <0.01
 Maximal pelvis diameter (mm) 342.20 (25.4) 346.52 (28.98) 0.30 345.36 (23.39) 362.64 (27.87) <0.01 344.37 (24.02) 352.88 (29.57) <0.01
Body proportions
 Length of trunk (mm) 487.02 (26.72) 503.22 (36.71) <0.01 489.60 (70.27) 500.81 (36.56) <0.01 488.79 (60.14) 502.27 (36.61) <0.01
 Hip-to-shoulder ratio 77.55 (4.74) 78.74 (6.04) 0.24 79.97 (5.86) 85.69 (6.46) <0.01 79.21 (5.63) 81.48 (7.07) <0.01
 Hip-to-height ratio 18.20 (1.55) 18.29 (1.42) 0.44 18.99 (1.35) 20.20 (1.51) <0.01 18.74 (1.46) 19.04 (1.73) 0.05
 Shoulder-to-height ratio 23.44 (1.33) 23.25 (1.06) 0.20 23.78 (1.16) 23.6 (1.08) 0.26 23.67 (1.23) 23.39 (1.08) <0.01
 Trunk-to-height ratio 30.69 (1.96) 31.57 (2.09) <0.01 31.39 (4.72) 32.29 (2.06) <0.01 31.17 (4.07) 31.86 (2.11) <0.01