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Table 1 Mean value of each variable during three single-leg stance tasks

From: Effect and immediate after-effect of lightly gripping the cane on postural sway

Variables Group Pre-cane task Cane task Post-cane task ANOVA
Task Group Interaction
V-COP (mm/s) LG 53.07 ± 8.99 42.79 ± 7.83* 46.17 ± 7.59* P < 0.01 N.S. P < 0.01
DC 53.77 ± 9.22 25.23 ± 4.11* 55.02 ± 8.67#
EMG-TA (% MVC) LG 23.80 ± 3.70 17.79 ± 2.57* 22.40 ± 2.76 P < 0.01 N.S. P < 0.01
DC 23.83 ± 3.68 5.46 ± 1.27* 24.58 ± 3.22#
EMG-GAS (% MVC) LG 27.56 ± 2.87 24.72 ± 3.01 27.12 ± 3.77 P < 0.01 N.S. N.S.
DC 30.31 ± 4.63 18.74 ± 2.86* 33.21 ± 7.86#
CCI (% MVC) LG 34.50 ± 3.90 26.53 ± 2.96* 31.69 ± 3.60 P < 0.01 N.S. P < 0.01
DC 34.24 ± 4.00 7.36 ± 1.86* 33.62 ± 3.63#
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean in each group
  2. *P < 0.05 (versus pre-cane task); # P < 0.05 (versus cane task)