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Table 2 Muscle size and physical performances in elderly males and females

From: Anatomical cross-sectional area of the quadriceps femoris and sit-to-stand test score in middle-aged and elderly population: development of a predictive equation

  Males Females
ACSA (cm2) 47.9 ± 9.6*** 33.7 ± 7.9
ACSA (cm2/mass2/3) 2.9 ± 0.5*** 2.3 ± 0.4
Torque (Nm) 170.0 ± 51.6*** 106.0 ± 30.5
Torque (Nm/cm2) 3.5 ± 0.9** 3.2 ± 0.9
Leg extension power (W) 1090.6 ± 390.9*** 646.4 ± 206.4
Leg extension power (W/cm2) 22.7 ± 6.4*** 19.5 ± 6.1
  1. Values are mean and standard deviation
  2. ACSA anatomical cross-sectional area
  3. **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001 vs. females