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Table 3 Partial correlation coefficients adjusted for age and percent body fat between ASM and measured values in middle-aged and elderly men and women

From: Comparison between clinical significance of height-adjusted and weight-adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle mass

  Men Women
ASM/Ht2 (kg/m2) ASM/Wt × 100 (%) ASM/Ht2 (kg/m2) ASM/Wt × 100 (%)
R P value R P value R P value R P value
ASM/Ht2 (kg/m2) 0.630 <0.001 0.577 <0.001
ASM/Wt × 100 (%) 0.630 <0.001 0.577 <0.001
Height (cm) 0.036 N.S. 0.166 <0.05 0.029 N.S. 0.250 <0.001
Weight (kg) 0.605 <0.001 0.266 <0.001 0.679 <0.001 0.277 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 0.889 <0.001 0.211 <0.01 0.870 <0.001 0.113 <0.01
WC (cm) 0.499 <0.001 0.162 <0.05 0.477 <0.001 0.092 <0.05
Handgrip strength (kg) 0.287 <0.001 0.188 <0.01 0.278 <0.001 0.167 <0.001
Whole-body BMD (g/cm2) 0.306 <0.001 −0.026 N.S. 0.217 <0.001 0.028 N.S.
Arm BMD (g/cm2) 0.366 <0.001 0.041 N.S. 0.282 <0.001 0.171 <0.001
Lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2) 0.150 <0.05 −0.137 <0.05 0.206 <0.001 −0.018 N.S.
Leg BMD (g/cm2) 0.414 <0.001 0.082 N.S. 0.360 <0.001 0.203 <0.001
HbA1c (%) −0.040 N.S. −0.031 N.S. 0.056 N.S. 0.000 N.S.
TG (mg/dl) −0.033 N.S. 0.012 N.S. 0.031 N.S. −0.003 N.S.
HDL-C (mg/dl) −0.003 N.S. −0.114 N.S. −0.093 <0.05 0.036 N.S.
TG/HDL ratio −0.018 N.S. 0.060 N.S. 0.046 N.S. −0.024 N.S.
SBP (mmHg) 0.068 N.S. −0.069 N.S. 0.077 <0.05 −0.057 N.S.
DBP (mmHg) 0.157 <0.05 0.007 N.S. 0.073 <0.05 −0.087 <0.05
baPWV (cm/s) −0.240 <0.001 −0.241 <0.001 −0.133 <0.001 −0.152 <0.001
  1. ASM appendicular skeletal muscle mass, Ht height, Wt weight, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, BMD bone mineral density, HbA1c glycohemoglobin A1c, TG triglycerides, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, baPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity