Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Demographic and lifestyle characterizations of participants by gender

From: Current health status and its risk factors of the Tsarang villagers living at high altitude in the Mustang district of Nepal

Variables All Male Female P value
Sex (n) 188 85 (45.21) 103 (54.79)  
Age (mean ± SD) 46.31 ± 14.66 45.74 ± 13.40 46.79 ± 15.67 0.6694
Age (median; IQR) 45 (22) 43 (20) 47 (25)  
Marital status (%)a
 Currently married 62.77 (55.39–69.61) 75.29 (64.54–83.73) 52.43 (42.40–62.27) 0.0017
 Not currently married 36.17 (29.39–43.52) 24.71 (16.27–35.46) 45.63 (35.88–55.71)  
Education (%)
 No schooling 68.09 (60.84–74.58) 47.06 (36.25–58.13) 85.44 (76.80–91.35) < 0.0001
 Less than primary school completed 6.91 (3.89–11.79) 11.76 (6.09–21.01) 2.91 (0.76–8.90)  
 Less than secondary school completed 12.23 (8.07–17.99) 20.00 (12.40–30.36) 5.83 (2.39–12.75)  
 More higher education 12.77 (8.51–18.59) 21.18 (13.36–31.65) 5.83 (2.39–12.75)  
Primary occupation (%)
 Employed 26.60 (20.55–33.61) 43.53 (32.95–54.70) 12.62 (7.16–20.97) < 0.0001
 Unemployed 73.40 (66.39–79.45) 56.47 (45.30–67.05) 87.38 (79.03–92.84)  
Smoking habits (%)
 Current/Ex-smoker 21.28 (15.80–27.96) 34.12 (24.40–45.29) 10.68 (5.71–18.69) 0.0002
 Non smoker 78.72 (72.04–84.20) 65.88 (54.71–75.60) 89.32 (81.31–94.29)  
Alcohol drinking habits (%)b
 Current/Ex-drinker 32.09 (25.57–39.35) 50.00 (39.54–60.46) 17.48 (10.96–26.48) < 0.0001
 Non drinker 67.91 (60.65–74.43) 50.00 (39.54–60.46) 82.52 (73.52–89.04)  
Vegetable consumption (in a week; %)b
 Less than once 14.44 (9.89–20.49) 19.05 (11.60–29.38) 10.68 (5.71–18.69) 0.2123
 2–3 days 65.24 (57.90–71.95) 59.52 (48.24–69.93) 69.90 (59.95–78.34)  
 More than 4 days 20.32 (14.94–26.95) 21.43 (13.52–31.40) 19.42 (12.54–28.63)  
Vegetable and fruit serving (in a day; %)b
 Less than one 18.18 (13.08–24.62) 20.24 (12.56–30.70) 16.50 (10.18–25.40) 0.2385
 2–3 servings 68.98 (61.75–75.42) 63.10 (51.81–73.17) 73.79 (64.03–81.73)  
 More than 4 servings 12.83 (8.56–18.69) 16.67 (9.73–26.73) 9.71 (5.01–17.54)  
  1. Values are in percentage (95% CI). Data were analyzed by χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test for comparison of the rates of variables and by the Mann-Whitney U-test for comparison of variables between males and females
  2. SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, CI confidential interval
  3. aTwo participants refused to answer
  4. bOne participant refused to answer