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Table 1 Summary of the studies on the nonvisual effects of the color temperature of light in the field of physiological anthropology published in the JPA from 1992 to 2018*

From: A review of the studies on nonvisual lighting effects in the field of physiological anthropology

Author Year Condition Parameters Measured
Lighting Others
Deguchi T, Sato M. [13] 1992 Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 7500 K   ·CNV
Illuminance: 1000 lx (fluorescent lamp)   ·Reaction time
Kobayashi H, Sato M. [14] 1992 Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 7500 K Addition task ·Blood pressure
·CFF
Illuminance: 320, 1000, 2000 lx (fluorescent lamp) ·Accommodation time of eye movement
Mukae H, Sato M. [15] 1992 Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 6700 K Addition task ·Heart rate
Illuminance: 100, 300, 900 lx (fluorescent lamp) ·HRV
Morita T, Tokura H. [24] 1996 Color temperature: 3000, 6500K   ·Rectal temperature
Illuminance: 1000 lx (fluorescent lamp) ·Melatonin
Control: 50 lx (incandescent lamp)  
Exposure time: 21:00-02:00
Noguchi H, Sakaguchi T. [27] 1999 Color temperature: 3000, 5000 K   ·HRV
Illuminance: 30, 150 lx (fluorescent lamp) 22 min light exposure + 20 min sleep in darkness in the afternoon ·AAC
·EEG
·Subjective evaluation (drowsiness)
Yasukouchi A, Yasukouchi Y, Ishibashi K. [28] 2000 Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 7500 K Experiment 1:
Air Temp.: 28°C to 18°C during 30 min
·Rectal temperature
Illuminance: 500 lx (fluorescent lamp) Experiment 2:
Air Temp.: 15°C for 90 min
·Skin temperature
·Metabolic heat production
Yasukouchi A, Ishibashi K. [31] 2005 Review on nonvisual effects of color temperature   
Kozaki T, Kitamura S, Higashihara Y, Ishibashi K, Noguchi H, Yasukouchi A. [25] 2005 Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 6700 K Sleep:
02:00-09:00 (<10 lx)
·Polysomnogram (EEG, EMG, EOG)
Illuminance: 1000 lx (fluorescent lamp)
Exposure time: 19:30-02:00
Control: 2700 K (incandescent lamp)
Katsuura T, Jin X, Baba Y, Shimomura Y, Iwanaga K. [29] 2005 Experiment 1: Experiment 1: Experiment 1:
Color temperature: 3000, 7500 K Taste stimuli (sweet, sour, bitter, salty) ·Taste threshold (sweet, sour, bitter, salty)
Illuminance: 200, 1500 lx (fluorescent lamp) ·Saliva secretion
Experiment 2: Experiment 2:
·EEG
Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 7000 K
illuminance: 1000 lx
Exposure time: 00:00-01:00 during night rest period
Ishibashi K, Kitamura S, Kozaki T, Yasukouchi A. [26] 2007 Color temperature: 3000, 5000, 6700 K   ·Heart rate
Illuminance: 1000 lx (fluorescent lamp) ·HRV (FFT and CGSA)
Exposure time: 19:30-02:00  
Jin X, Katsuura T, Iwanaga K, Shimomura Y, Inoue M. [30] 2007 Color temperature: 3000, 7500 K Taste stimuli (sweet, sour, bitter, salty) ·Electrogastrogram (EGG)
Illuminance: 200, 1500 lx (fluorescent lamp)
Exposure time: 14:25-ca.17:25
  1. *Data from January to October were obtained in 2018