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Table 4 Physiological responses and their reliability indices from the baseline and emotion-provoking phases of all emotional conditions

From: Reliability of Physiological Responses Induced by Basic Emotions: A Pilot Study

Emotion SCL (μS) meanFT (°C) meanHR (bpm) meanBVP (V)
Baseline Emotion Baseline Emotion Baseline Emotion Baseline Emotion
HAP Mean 4.3 ± 2.86 3.9 ± 3.21 34.0 ± 0.36 33.9 ± 0.38 74.9 ± 10.68 74.1 ± 11.72 8.4 ± 0.70 8.5 ± 0.72
α .61 .95 .69 .69 .44 .92 .63 .95
ρ .59. .95 .69 .69 .38 .91 .67 .95
SAD Mean 4.4 ± 2.71 4.1 ± 2.79 33.9 ± 0.51 34.0 ± 0.56 73.0 ± 10.18 71.6 ± 10.88 8.3 ± 0.83 8.3 ± 0.88
α .63 .95 .36 .54 .48 .96 .57 .96
ρ .54 .94 .35 .54 .44 .96 .63 .96
ANG Mean 4.2 ± 2.81 4.1 ± 2.88 33.9 ± 0.46 34.0 ± 0.47 73.3 ± 10.53 71.4 ± 11.05 8.3 ± 0.84 8.4 ± 0.83
α .47 .96 .57 .61 .26 .96 .41 .96
ρ .40 .96 .56 .60 .10 .95 .45 .96
FEA Mean 4.6 ± 2.80 5.4 ± 2.68 34.0 ± 0.49 34.0 ± 0.48 73.3 ± 10.46 71.9 ± 10.87 8.5 ± 0.92 8.3 ± 0.86
α .34 .91 .52 .62 .50 .94 .56 .96
ρ .30 .91 .52 .61 .40 .94 .56 .96
DIS Mean 4.1 ± 2.58 4.9 ± 2.99 34.0 ± 0.42 33.9 ± 0.45 74.1 ± 9.74 71.6 ± 10.54 8.4 ± 0.84 8.3 ± 0.82
α .57 .94 .13 .39 .46 .96 .71 .96
ρ .57 .93 .13 .38 .40 .96 .70 .96
SUR Mean 4.1 ± 2.74 4.9 ± 2.89 34.1 ± 0.40 34.0 ± 0.41 74.0 ± 10.66 71.7 ± 10.66 8.5 ± 0.88 8.3 ± 0.84
α .79 .92 .63 .72 .54 .96 .71 .96
ρ .45 .92 .63 .72 .47 .95 .70 .96
  1. HAP, happiness; SAD, sadness; ANG, anger; FEA, fear; DIS, disgust; SUR, surprise; α, Cronbach’s alpha; ρ, intraclass correlation