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Table 1 Anthropometric and body composition characteristics and trends among three groups

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is strongly linked to metabolic syndrome among physical fitness components: a retrospective cross-sectional study

  Non-MetS group (A)
(95% CI)
Pre-MetS group (B)
(95% CI)
MetS group (C)
(95% CI)
Post hoc SSb P for trendb
(n = 55) (n = 57) (n = 56)
Age, year 50.5 ± 9.7 (47.9, 53.1) 49.4 ± 9.6 (46.8, 51.9) 49.7 ± 7.9 (47.6, 52.8) NS − 0.65 = 0.51
Height, cm 169.1 ± 5.5 (167.6, 170.6) 172.2 ± 6.5 (170.4, 173.9) 172.8 ± 5.4 (171.3, 174.2) A < B, C 3.56 < 0.01
Weight, kg 73.8 ± 10.4 (71.0, 76.6) 86.2 ± 13.9 (82.5, 89.8) 86.8 ± 9.7 (84.3, 89.4) A < B, C 5.86 < 0.01
BMI, kg/m2 25.8 ± 3.3 (24.9, 26.7) 28.9 ± 3.5 (28.0, 29.9) 29.1 ± 3.2 (28.3, 30.0) A < B, C 4.99 < 0.01
WLM, kg 59.6 ± 8.1 (57.4, 61.8) 63.8 ± 7.2 (61.9, 65.7) 63.9 ± 7.6 (61.9, 65.9) A < B, C 3.01 < 0.01
WFM, kg 19.1 ± 5.3 (17.6, 20.5) 22.6 ± 5.6 (21.1, 24.1) 22.3 ± 5.3 (20.9, 23.8) A < B, C 3.20 < 0.01
%WFM 23.7 ± 4.1 (22.6, 24.8) 25.6 ± 4.0 (24.5, 26.7) 25.3 ± 3.7 (24.3, 26.3) A < B 2.09 < 0.05
TLM, kg 29.1 ± 3.9 (28.0, 30.1) 31.8 ± 3.9 (30.7, 32.8) 32.1 ± 4.0 (31.0, 33.2) A < B, C 3.93 < 0.01
TFM, kg 9.9 ± 3.1 (9.0, 10.7) 12.1 ± 3.9 (11.1, 13.1) 12.2 ± 3.3 (11.3, 13.1) A < B, C 3.65 < 0.01
%TFM 24.8 ± 4.8 (23.5, 26.1) 26.9 ± 5.5 (25.5, 28.4) 27.0 ± 4.7 (25.8, 28.3) NS 2.33 < 0.05
ALM, kg 6.0 ± 1.9 (5.5, 6.5) 6.9 ± 1.1 (6.6, 7.1) 6.3 ± 1.6 (5.9, 6.8) A < B 1.23 = 0.22
AFM, kg 1.9 ± 0.7 (1.7, 2.1) 2.5 ± 0.7 (2.3, 2.6) 2.2 ± 0.7 (2.0, 2.4) A < B 2.05 < 0.05
%AFM 24.0 ± 4.9 (22.7, 25.4) 25.8 ± 4.8 (24.5, 27.0) 25.2 ± 4.0 (24.1, 26.3) NS 1.34 = 0.18
LLM, kg 17.9 ± 5.3 (16.5, 19.3) 20.4 ± 3.1 (19.5, 21.2) 18.5 ± 4.6 (17.3, 19.8) A < B 0.98 = 0.35
LFM, kg 5.3 ± 2.0 (4.8, 5.9) 6.7 ± 1.8 (6.3, 7.2) 5.8 ± 2.1 (5.3, 6.4) A < B, B > C 1.39 = 0.17
%LFM 22.6 ± 4.5 (21.4, 23.8) 24.3 ± 4.1 (23.2, 25.3) 23.2 ± 4.0 (22.1, 24.3) NS 0.78 = 0.43
  1. NOTES: Values are means±SD
  2. 95% CI 95% confidence interval, NS not significant, non-MetS non-metabolic syndrome, pre-MetS pre-metabolic syndrome, MetS metabolic syndrome, SS standardized statistic, BMI body mass index, WLM whole body lean mass, WFM whole body fat mass, %WFM percentage of whole body fat mass, TLM trunk lean mass, TFM trunk fat mass, %Trunk mass percentage of trunk fat mass, ALM arm lean mass, AFM arm fat mass, %AFM percentage of arm fat mass, LLM leg lean mass, LFM leg fat mass, %Leg fat mass percentage of leg fat mass
  3. bJonckheere-Terpstra test was used to assess the trend among three groups