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Table 2 Characteristics of components of metabolic syndrome and trends among three groups

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is strongly linked to metabolic syndrome among physical fitness components: a retrospective cross-sectional study

  Non-MetS (A)
(95% CI)
Pre-MetS (B)
(95% CI)
MetS (C)
(95% CI)
Post hoc SSb P for trendb
(n = 55) (n = 57) (n = 56)
Abdominal obesity
 WC, cm 93.0 ± 8.4 (90.7,95.3) 101.1 ± 8.9 (98.8,103.5) 101.5 ± 7.0 (99.7,103.4) A < B, C 5.04 < 0.01
 %Abdominal obesity 80.0 100.0 100.0    
Dyslipidemia
 TG, mg·dL-1 90.8 ± 38.7 (80.4,101.3) 137.5 ± 96.9 (111.7,163.2) 247.5 ± 166.6 (202.9,292.1) A, B < C 8.17 < 0.01
 HDLC, mg·dL-1 56.3 ± 9.2 (53.8,58.8) 48.8 ± 10.9 (45.9,51.8) 47.3 ± 10.7 (44.5,50.2) A > B, C -4.44 < 0.01
 %Dyslipidemia 1.8 31.6 85.7    
Hypertension
 SBP, mmHg 116.8 ± 9.2 (114.3,119.3) 127.0 ± 13.6 (123.4,130.6) 135.6 ± 12.1 (132.4,138.9) A < B < C 7.34 < 0.01
 DBP, mmHg 77.1 ± 6.9 (75.2,78.9) 86.6 ± 9.2 (84.1,89.0) 93.5 ± 8.3 (91.2,95.6) A < B < C 8.68 < 0.01
%Hypertension 9.1 63.2 98.2    
Hyperglycemia
 FPG, mg/dL 90.7 ± 6.7 (88.9,92.5) 94.5 ± 9.0 (92.1,96.9) 114.1 ± 37.5 (104.1,124.2) A, B < C 6.13 < 0.01
 %Hyperglycemia 0.0 3.5 42.6    
  1. NOTES: Values are means±SD
  2. 95% CI 95% confidence interval, non-MetS non-metabolic syndrome, pre-MetS pre-metabolic syndrome, MetS metabolic syndrome, SS standardized statistic, WC waist circumstance, %Abdominal obesity percentage of abdominal obesity, TG triglycerides, HDLC high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, %Hypertension percentage of hypertension, FPG fasting plasma glucose, %Hyperglycemia percentage of hyperglycemia
  3. bJonckheere-Terpstra test was used to assess the trend among three groups