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Table 3 Characteristics of components of physical fitness and trends among three groups

From: Cardiorespiratory fitness is strongly linked to metabolic syndrome among physical fitness components: a retrospective cross-sectional study

  Non-MetS (A)
(95% CI)
Pre-MetS (B)
(95% CI)
MetS (C)
(95% CI)
Post hoc SSb P for trendb
(n = 55) (n = 57) (n = 56)
VO2AnT (ml·kg·min-1) 19.12 ± 4.16 (17.99, 20.24) 16.51 ± 3.27 (15.64, 17.38) 16.54 ± 5.01 (15.20, 17.88) A > B, C − 3.68 < 0.01
VO2max (ml·kg·min-1) 33.70 ± 5.49 (32.22, 35.19) 30.51 ± 5.02 (29.18, 31.84) 29.60 ± 5.33 (28.17, 31.03) A > B, C − 3.78 < 0.01
Right hand grip strength (kg) 43.43 ± 7.15 (41.49, 45.36) 44.12 ± 8.09 (41.98, 46.27) 43.96 ± 5.58 (42.47, 45.45) NS 0.45 = 0.66
Left hand grip strength (kg) 41.76 ± 6.63 (39.96, 43.55) 43.83 ± 7.66 (41.80, 45.86) 41.43 ± 6.22 (39.76, 43.09) NS 0.09 = 0.93
Stepping side-to-side (n/20 s) 41.04 ± 7.92 (38.90, 43.18) 38.41 ± 5.82 (36.79, 39.88) 38.43 ± 5.92 (36.84, 40.01) NS − 1.64 = 0.10
Trunk flexion (cm) 0.21 ± 9.76 (-2.43, 2.85) -3.09 ± 9.58 (-5.63, -0.54) − 2.76 ± 9.39 (− 5.27, − 0.24) NS − 1.55 = 0.12
Trunk extension (cm) 40.49 ± 9.45 (37.94, 43.04) 38.56 ± 8.47 (36.32, 40.81) 41.77 ± 8.83 (39.40, 44.13) NS 0.61 = 0.54
Vertical jump (cm) 42.80 ± 7.91 (40.66, 44.94) 41.95 ± 6.95 (40.10, 43.79) 42.73 ± 8.12 (40.56, 44.91) NS − 0.13 = 0.89
Single-leg balance with eyes closed (s) 19.13 ± 19.30 (13.91, 24.34) 12.24 ± 12.86 (8.83, 15.65) 12.96 ± 13.87 (9.25, 16.68) NS − 1.75 = 0.08
  1. NOTES: Values are means±SD
  2. 95% CI 95% confidence interval, NS not significant, non-MetS non-metabolic syndrome, pre-MetS pre-metabolic syndrome, MetS metabolic syndrome, SS standardized statistic
  3. bJonckheere-Terpstra test was used to assess the trend among three groups