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Table 5 Associations between Food Group Intake and MetS

From: The associations of eating behavior and dietary intake with metabolic syndrome in Japanese: Saku cohort baseline study

Men   Crude   Energy adjusted  
MetS (n = 535) w/o MetS
(n = 2067)
MetS (n = 535) w/o MetS
(n = 2067)
Cereals (g) 533 ± 200 553 ± 202* (g/1000 kcal) 231 ± 71 234 ± 63
Potatoes (g) 76 ± 69 82 ± 64 (g/1000 kcal) 31 ± 25 33 ± 24†
Bean and soybean product (g) 77 ± 46 83 ± 50* (g/1000 kcal) 33 ± 19 35 ± 19†
Green and yellow vegetables (g) 126 ± 81 136 ± 87* (g/1000 kcal) 54 ± 35 57 ± 35†
Light-colored vegetables (g) 217 ± 119 225 ± 130 (g/1000 kcal) 93 ± 48 94 ± 48
Fruits (g) 115 ± 100 118 ± 100 (g/1000 kcal) 50 ± 43 50 ± 42
Fish and shellfish (g) 126 ± 80 125 ± 83 (g/1000 kcal) 53 ± 26 51 ± 26
Meats (g) 68 ± 40 76 ± 49 * (g/1000 kcal) 29 ± 15 31 ± 16*†
Milk and dairy product (g) 143 ± 107 154 ± 109* (g/1000 kcal) 62 ± 45 66 ± 48†
Fat and oil (g) 19 ± 12 19 ± 12 (g/1000 kcal) 8 ± 4 8 ± 5
Confectionery (g) 39 ± 40 43 ± 41* (g/1000 kcal) 16 ± 13 17 ± 14*†
Preference for beverages (g) 1020 ± 488 950 ± 421* (g/1000 kcal) 443 ± 192 414 ± 187*†
Women   Crude   Energy adjusted
MetS w/o MetS MetS w/o MetS
(n = 113) (n = 1731) (n = 113) (n = 1731)
Cereals (g) 403 ± 139 393 ± 129 (g/1000 kcal) 217 ± 61 207 ± 59†
Potatoes (g) 69 ± 50 81 ± 59* (g/1000 kcal) 37 ± 25 41 ± 27†
Bean and soybean product (g) 73 ± 41 77 ± 45 (g/1000 kcal) 39 ± 20 40 ± 22
Green and yellow vegetables (g) 140 ± 80 149 ± 88 (g/1000 kcal) 75 ± 41 77 ± 42
Light-colored vegetables (g) 246 ± 123 252 ± 129 (g/1000 kcal) 130 ± 52 130 ± 59
Fruits (g) 132 ± 89 137 ± 97 (g/1000 kcal) 72 ± 50 71 ± 48
Fish and shellfish (g) 119 ± 71 116 ± 73 (g/1000 kcal) 63 ± 31 59 ± 30
Meats (g) 59 ± 39 65 ± 38 (g/1000 kcal) 31 ± 17 33 ± 16
Milk and dairy product (g) 147 ± 90 147 ± 93 (g/1000 kcal) 80 ± 50 77 ± 47
Fat and oil (g) 16 ± 11 17 ± 12 (g/1000 kcal) 8 ± 5 9 ± 5
Confectionery (g) 48 ± 35 54 ± 42 (g/1000 kcal) 25 ± 18 27 ± 18
Preference for beverages (g) 678 ± 289 717 ± 319 (g/1000 kcal) 377 ± 174 384 ± 182
  1. Values are crude and energy-adjusted means ± SD. MetS metabolic syndrome. w/o without
  2. *Significant difference in crude or energy-adjusted food group intake (/1000 kcal) between in the subject with MetS and without MetS (p < 0.05)
  3. †Significant difference in energy-adjusted food group intake (/1000 kcal) between in the subject with MetS and without MetS adjusted by age (p < 0.05)