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Table 1 Physical characteristics and physical function of the subjects

From: Associations between locomotive and non-locomotive physical activity and physical performance in older community-dwelling females with and without locomotive syndrome: a cross-sectional study

  Total (n = 143) NL (n = 86) LS (n = 57) p value
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD t test ANCOVA
Age (years) 68.2 ± 4.8 67.3 ± 4.8 69.6 ± 4.5 0.005* -
Height (cm) 155.0 ± 5.6 154.5 ± 5.6 155.7 ± 5.5 0.216 0.398
Weight (kg) 53.3 ± 7.7 52.0 ± 6.9 55.2 ± 8.4 0.018* -
BMI (kg/m2) 22.2 ± 2.8 21.8 ± 2.7 22.7 ± 2.9 0.055 0.398
AMM (kg) 16.0 ± 1.6 15.8 ± 1.5 16.3 ± 1.8 0.108 0.394
SMI (kg/m2) 6.65 ± 0.59 6.62 ± 0.55 6.71 ± 0.65 0.414 0.127
Handgrip strength (kg) 24.3 ± 3.3 24.4 ± 3.5 24.0 ± 3.1 0.540 0.163
Walking speed (m/s) 1.52 ± 0.18 1.54 ± 0.16 1.49 ± 0.20 0.076 0.135
2-step test value (cm/cm) 1.36 ± 0.15 1.39 ± 0.14 1.31 ± 0.15 0.002* 0.061
GLFS-5 (score) 1.55 ± 2.25 1.07 ± 1.49 2.26 ± 2.94 0.009* 0.046*
TMIG-IC (score) 12.7 ± 0.7 12.7 ± 0.8 12.6 ± 0.7 0.968 0.664
  1. Mean ± SD, NL normal group, LS locomotive syndrome group, BMI body mass index, AMM appendicular muscle mass, SMI skeletal muscle mass index, GLFS-5 5-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale, TMIG-IC Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence, SD standard deviation, p value, the unpaired t test, ANCOVA analysis of covariance, covariate: age and weight
  2. *p < 0.05