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Table 4 Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for prevalence of low muscle mass by the results of weight misperception in female

From: Weight over-reporting is associated with low muscle mass among community-dwelling Japanese adults aged 40 years and older: a cross sectional study

  n Number of low muscle mass OR (95% CI) Model 1 OR (95% CI) Model 2 OR (95% CI)
Under-reporters 145 4 (2.8%) 0.56 (0.16–1.97) 0.84 (0.22–3.18) 1.25 (0.30–5.16)
Acceptable reporters 146 7 (4.8%) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Over-reporters 145 22 (15.2%) 3.55 (1.47–8.60) 2.61 (1.00–6.81) 3.27 (1.18–9.12)
  1. Model 1, adjusted for age and BMI. Model 2, model 1 plus exercise habit, smoking habit, drinking habit, self-reported physical fitness, self-reported health, and self-reported socioeconomic status
  2. CI Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio