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Table 6 International comparison of total energy expenditure estimated by doubly labeled water method in boys

From: Determining total energy expenditure in 3–6-year-old Japanese pre-school children using the doubly labeled water method

Boys       Total energy expenditure    
Age (years) n Weight kcal day−1 kcal kg−1 per day Country Race Reference
Mean or range SD Range Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
5.3 0.9 3.3 to 6.9 69 18.7 3.9 1535.7 488.8 84.7 25.2 JPN Asian This study
4.3 0.6 3.3 to 4.9 24 15.6 2.5 1260.9 357.8 83.2 29.2 JPN Asian This study
5.9 0.6 5.0 to 6.9 45 19.8 3.8 1682.3 489.0 85.4 23.2 JPN Asian This study
2.5–3.4    15 15.0 1.7 1207 181 81.5 15.2 UK   [18]
3    13 15.5   1293 158 83.9 11.5 UK   [19]
3.5–4.4    16 16.9 2.3 1301 211 78.2 14.5 UK   [18]
4.2 0.9   14 17.6 1.3 1479 196 84.0 9.6 Chile   [20]
4.2–6.9    22 19.5 4.1 1396 272 71.6   USA   [21]
4.5 0.9 3 to 5 48 17.4 2.7 1197.0 192.0 69.4 8.1 USA *1 [22]
5 1 4 to 6 16 20.3 4.3 1440.0 271.0 71.5 8.0 USA Caucasian, *2 [23]
5    12 18.9   1644 179 87.5 10.0 UK   [19]
5.1 0.9 4 to 6 11 16.9 0.5 *a 1320 60 *a    JPN Asian [6]
5.1 1.1 3 to 6 51 19.9 0.4 1457 382    UK   [24]
5.1 0.8   8 19.1 3.4 1385 220 73.6 12.4 Guate   [25]
5.3 0.9   11 21.3 4.7 1575 303 73.9   USA   [26]
5.3 0.8   25 20.1 3.8 1382 255 68.8   US-Can   [27]
5.4 0.3   15 21.1 3.9 1415 252 67.1   USA   [28]
5.5 0.7 4 to7 12 24.2 7.2 1678.0 603.0     White [29]
5.5 0.2   21 20.6 4.3 1498.0 172.0    Sweden   [30]
5.5 0.7   10 21.3 3.9 1505 125 70.7   US-Can   [27]
6.0   4.5 to 7 32 20.6   1641.0     UK   [31]
6.4 0.9   11 25.2 6.6 1804 614 71.6   USA   [26]
  1. *1, White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, Multiracial subj
  2. *2, the TEE/weight data (kcal/kg/day) was calculated by authors using the raw data described in previous studies
  3. *a, standard error of the mean (SEM)