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Table 7 International comparison of total energy expenditure estimated by doubly labeled water method in girls

From: Determining total energy expenditure in 3–6-year-old Japanese pre-school children using the doubly labeled water method

Girls       Total energy expenditure    
Age (years) n Weight kcal day−1 kcal kg−1 per day Country Race Reference
Mean or range SD Range Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
5.4 1.0 3.1 to 6.9 71 18.3 3.3 1572.5 492.7 86.2 23.6 JPN Asian This study
4.0 0.6 3.1 to 4.9 20 15.0 2.1 1265.2 408.0 84.9 26.6 JPN Asian This study
6.0 0.5 5.0 to 6.9 51 19.6 2.7 1693.1 473.3 86.7 22.6 JPN Asian This Study
2.5–3.4    16 14.9 1.1 1125 211 75.8 15.0 UK   [18]
3    18 14.8   1138 136 77.7 10.3 UK   [19]
3.5–4.4    11 17.1 1.9 1264 238 74.2 11.0 UK   [18]
3.7 0.4 3 to 6 34 16.6 3.7 1290 334    UK   [24]
4.2–6.9    23 20.7 4.1 1346 296 65.0   USA   [21]
4.6 0.9 3 to 5 49 17.1 2.5 1122.0 140.0 66.3 6.8 USA *1 [22]
4.6 0.9   14 17.6 1.8 1370 128 78.4 7.8 Chile   [20]
5 1 4 to 6 14 21.0 4.7 1309.0 304.0 62.0 6.2 USA Caucasian, *2 [23]
5    16 18.5   1477 247 79.6 10.5 UK   [19]
5.1 0.9   26 20.1 3.5 1254 272 62.4   US-Can   [27]
5.1 0.9 4 to 6 11 18.0 0.5 *a 1282 57 *a    JPN Asian [6]
5.4 0.8   17 19.8 3.2 1383 207 69.8   US-Can   [27]
5.4 0.6   8 18.5 1.4 1247 262 67.4 12.9 Guatema   [25]
5.5 0.1   18 20.3 4.3 1373.0 131.0    Sweden   [30]
5.5 0.9   11 21.5 5.3 1365 330 63.5   USA   [26]
5.5 0.4   13 18.9 2.5 1347 184 71.3   USA   [28]
5.7   4.5 to 7 31 19.6   1433.0     UK   [31]
6.4 1.0 4 to7 12 26.4 6.4 1536.0 363.0     White [29]
6.6 0.9   11 24.8 6.7 1815 392 73.2   USA   [26]
  1. *1, White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, Multiracial subj
  2. *2, the TEE/weight data (kcal/kg/day) was calculated by authors using the raw data described in previous studies
  3. *a, standard error of the mean (SEM)