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  1. Neuroimaging studies continue to indicate the major role the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) plays in processing empathic responses. Error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential (ERP) thought to ...

    Authors: Yuki Motomura, Akira Takeshita, Yuka Egashira, Takayuki Nishimura, Yeon-kyu Kim and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:14

    Content type: Short report

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  2. Empathy in humans is thought to have evolved via social interactions caused by the formation of social groups. Considering the role of empathy within a social group, there might be a difference between emotion...

    Authors: Yuki Motomura, Akira Takeshita, Yuka Egashira, Takayuki Nishimura, Yeon-kyu Kim and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:13

    Content type: Original article

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  3. Although delayed sleep timing causes many socio-psycho-biological problems such as sleep loss, excessive daytime sleepiness, obesity, and impaired daytime neurocognitive performance in adults, there are insuff...

    Authors: Shingo Kitamura, Minori Enomoto, Yuichi Kamei, Naoko Inada, Aiko Moriwaki, Yoko Kamio and Kazuo Mishima

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:12

    Content type: Original article

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  4. The physiological function of non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) has been investigated in recent years, and some studies have discussed the importance of NST with respect to human cold adaptation. The present s...

    Authors: Takayuki Nishimura, Midori Motoi, Yuka Egashira, Damee Choi, Kiyoshi Aoyagi and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:11

    Content type: Original article

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  5. Vitamin D plays an essential role in bone health and growth, but the optimal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is not known. This study was performed to investigate the optimal 25(OH)D concentr...

    Authors: Seong-Woo Choi, Sun-Seog Kweon, Jin-Su Choi, Jung-Ae Rhee, Young-Hoon Lee, Hae-Sung Nam, Seul-Ki Jeong, Kyeong-Soo Park, So-Yeon Ryu, Hye-Rim Song and Min-Ho Shin

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:10

    Content type: Short report

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  6. Famed microbiologist René J. Dubos (1901–1982) was an early pioneer in the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) construct. In the 1960s, he conducted groundbreaking research concerning the ways ...

    Authors: Alan C Logan, Martin A Katzman and Vicent Balanzá-Martínez

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:9

    Content type: Review

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  7. Previous research has shown that emotion can significantly impact decision-making in humans. The current study examined whether or not and how situationally induced emotion influences people to make inter-temp...

    Authors: Jin-Hun Sohn, Hyo-Eun Kim, Sunju Sohn, Ji-Woo Seok, Damee Choi and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:8

    Content type: Original article

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  8. Some studies have reported gender differences in N170, a face-selective event-related potential (ERP) component. This study investigated gender differences in N170 elicited under oddball paradigm in order to c...

    Authors: Damee Choi, Yuka Egashira, Jun’ya Takakura, Midori Motoi, Takayuki Nishimura and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:7

    Content type: Short report

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  9. Alcoholism is associated with abnormal anger processing. The purpose of this study was to investigate brain regions involved in the evaluation of angry facial expressions in patients with alcohol dependency.

    Authors: Mi-Sook Park, Sook-Hee Kim, Sunju Sohn, Gap-Jung Kim, Yeon-Kyu Kim and Jin-Hun Sohn

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:6

    Content type: Original article

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  10. The editors of Journal of Physiological Anthropology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 33 (2014).

    Authors: Akira Yasukouchi

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:5

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  11. Corticospinal excitability of the primary motor cortex (M1) representing the hand muscle is depressed by bilateral lower limb muscle fatigue. The effects of fatiguing unilateral lower limb contraction on corti...

    Authors: Ryouta Matsuura and Toru Ogata

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:4

    Content type: Original article

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  12. The present study addressed how 92% oxygen administration affects cognitive performance, blood oxygen saturation (SpO2), and heart rate (HR) of intellectually and developmentally disabled people.

    Authors: Hyung-Sik Kim, Mi-Hyun Choi, Ji-Hye Baek, Sung-Jun Park, Jung-Chul Lee, Ul-Ho Jeong, Sung-Phil Kim, Hyun-Jun Kim, Young Chil Choi, Dae-Woon Lim and Soon-Cheol Chung

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:3

    Content type: Original article

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  13. High-altitude inhabitants have cardiovascular and respiratory adaptations that are advantageous for high-altitude living, but they may have impaired cognitive function. This study evaluated the influence of al...

    Authors: John E Davis, Dale R Wagner, Nathan Garvin, David Moilanen, Jessica Thorington and Cory Schall

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:2

    Content type: Original article

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  14. Famed microbiologist René J. Dubos (1901–1982) was an early pioneer in the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) construct. In the 1960s, he conducted groundbreaking experimental research concern...

    Authors: Alan C Logan, Martin A Katzman and Vicent Balanzá-Martínez

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2015 34:1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  15. Non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) involves a substantial amount of energy expenditure in humans and, thus, contributes to reducing the risk for obesity. Molecular evolutionary studies have reported that SNPs i...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Nakayama, Hiroshi Miyashita and Sadahiko Iwamoto

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:38

    Content type: Original article

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  16. It has been reported that 75% of stairway accidents occur while descending stairs. Using a cane can help to prevent older people and those with limited mobility from falling. However, studies have shown that t...

    Authors: Zi Ying Li and Chinmei Chou

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:36

    Content type: Original article

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  17. Mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism reportedly modulates the effects of coffee consumption on the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia and abnormal glucose tolerance. The objective ...

    Authors: Akatsuki Kokaze, Mamoru Ishikawa, Naomi Matsunaga, Kanae Karita, Masao Yoshida, Tadahiro Ohtsu, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Hinako Nanri, Nobuyuki Saga, Iichiro Ohtsu, Hiromi Hoshino and Yutaka Takashima

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:37

    Content type: Original article

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  18. Wearing an activity monitor as a motivational tool and incorporating a behavior-based reward system or a computerized game element might have a synergistic effect on an increase in daily physical activity, the...

    Authors: Masato Nishiwaki, Akinori Kuriyama, Yumi Ikegami, Nana Nakashima and Naoyuki Matsumoto

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:35

    Content type: Original article

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  19. The abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) is used to prevent abnormal movements of the lumbar spine and pelvis during therapeutic exercises. This study compared the effects of ADIM on the muscle onset time of t...

    Authors: Taewoo Kim, Youngkeun Woo and Yongwook Kim

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:34

    Content type: Original article

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  20. The purpose of the present study is to investigate effects of tryptophan intake and light exposure on melatonin secretion and sleep by modifying tryptophan ingestion at breakfast and light exposure during the ...

    Authors: Haruna Fukushige, Yumi Fukuda, Mizuho Tanaka, Kaoru Inami, Kai Wada, Yuki Tsumura, Masayuki Kondo, Tetsuo Harada, Tomoko Wakamura and Takeshi Morita

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:33

    Content type: Original article

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  21. Postpartum mental health problems are a major public health issue; however, studies on the mental health status of mothers and its influencing factors between 8 weeks and 1 year postpartum are scarce. Furtherm...

    Authors: Naoko Yamamoto, Yasuyo Abe, Kazuhiko Arima, Takayuki Nishimura, Emi Akahoshi, Kazuyo Oishi and Kiyoshi Aoyagi

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:32

    Content type: Original article

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  22. This study aimed to develop an algorithm for determining sleep/wake states by using chronological data on the amount of physical activity (activity intensity) measured with the FS-750 actigraph, a device that ...

    Authors: Kyoko Nakazaki, Shingo Kitamura, Yuki Motomura, Akiko Hida, Yuichi Kamei, Naoki Miura and Kazuo Mishima

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:31

    Content type: Methodology article

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  23. Obesity and overweight are increasing in prevalence in developed countries as a result of changing dietary habits and a lack of physical activity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the changes i...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Sagayama, Yu Jikumaru, Akiko Hirata, Yosuke Yamada, Eiichi Yoshimura, Mamiko Ichikawa, Yoichi Hatamoto, Naoyuki Ebine, Akira Kiyonaga, Hiroaki Tanaka and Yasuki Higaki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:29

    Content type: Original article

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  24. Menstruation is associated with significant unpleasantness, and wearing a sanitary napkin (SN) during menses causes discomfort. In addition, many Muslim women use a thick type of SN during menses due to the re...

    Authors: Nazirah G Mohamed, Nurdiana Z Abidin, Kim S Law, Mika Abe, Megumi Suzuki, Ahmad M Che Muhamed and Rabindarjeet Singh

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:28

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Physiological responses to cold exhibit individual variation that can be affected by various factors, such as morphological characteristics, seasonal changes, and lifestyle; however, the genetic factors associ...

    Authors: Takayuki Nishimura and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:27

    Content type: Original article

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  26. Resistance exercise alters the post-exercise response of anabolic and catabolic hormones. A previous study indicated that the turnover of muscle protein in trained individuals is reduced due to alterations in ...

    Authors: Hiroyasu Mori

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:24

    Content type: Original article

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  27. It is unclear whether response time is affected by a stimulus cue, such as a light turned on or off, or if there are differences in response to these cues during a muscle contraction task compared with a muscl...

    Authors: Kengo Yotani, Hiroki Nakamoto, Sachi Ikudome and Atsumu Yuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:23

    Content type: Original article

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  28. In 21st-century public health, rapid urbanization and mental health disorders are a growing global concern. The relationship between diet, brain function and the risk of mental disorders has been the subject o...

    Authors: Alan C Logan and Felice N Jacka

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:22

    Content type: Review

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  29. From previous studies it is becoming evident that the processing of unpleasant stimuli occurs early (0 to 300 ms); however, it is not clear how cognitive processing related to pleasant/unpleasant emotions occu...

    Authors: Midori Motoi, Yuka Egashira, Takayuki Nishimura, Damee Choi, Riko Matsumoto and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:21

    Content type: Short report

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  30. Leukocyte telomere length has been shown to be associated with life span. Hypoxia-associated changes of telomere length have been detected in cell cultures, but no in vivo studies have reported the changes of tel...

    Authors: Yaping Wang, Wen-di Zhou, Yingzhong Yang, Lan Ma, Yanxia Zhao, Zhenzhong Bai and Ri-Li Ge

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:19

    Content type: Original article

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  31. The present study sought to clarify the relationship between empathy trait and attention responses to happy, angry, surprised, afraid, and sad facial expressions. As indices of attention, we recorded event-rel...

    Authors: Damee Choi, Takayuki Nishimura, Midori Motoi, Yuka Egashira, Riko Matsumoto and Shigeki Watanuki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:18

    Content type: Original article

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  32. The effect of time pressure on attentional shift and anticipatory postural control was investigated during unilateral shoulder abduction reactions in an oddball-like paradigm.

    Authors: Koji Anan, Katsuo Fujiwara, Chie Yaguchi and Naoe Kiyota

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:17

    Content type: Original article

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  33. According to the guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the rotation time for chest compression should be about 2 min. The quality of chest compressions is related to the physical fitness of the r...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Hasegawa, Rie Daikoku, Shin Saito and Yayoi Saito

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:16

    Content type: Original article

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  34. This study was to investigate the prevalence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in leptin gene LEP (A19G and G2548A) and leptin receptor gene LEPR (K109R and Q223R) and their association with fasting plasm...

    Authors: Sook-Ha Fan and Yee-How Say

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:15

    Content type: Original article

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  35. Diversity among human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules has been maintained by host-pathogen coevolution over a long period of time. Reflecting this diversity, the HLA loci are the most polymorphic in the human g...

    Authors: Yoshiki Yasukochi and Yoko Satta

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:14

    Content type: Original article

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  36. The study of aging processes and the changes in morphological, physiological, and functional characteristics that are associated with aging is of great interest not only for researchers, but also for the gener...

    Authors: Marina Negasheva, Natalia Lapshina, Rostislav Okushko and Elena Godina

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:12

    Content type: Original article

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  37. Recently, it was reported in healthy young subjects that fructose containing drinks increased blood pressure acutely, without any apparent change in total vascular conductance (TVC). However, because it is wel...

    Authors: Masako Y Endo, Chizuko Fujihara, Chinami Yamazaki, Hideaki Kashima, Kouhei Eguchi, Akira Miura, Yoshiyuki Fukuoka and Yoshiyuki Fukuba

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:11

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Limited data have indicated that body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) of athletes and young adults provide misleading results concerning bo...

    Authors: Grażyna Lutoslawska, Marzena Malara, Paweł Tomaszewski, Krzysztof Mazurek, Anna Czajkowska, Anna Kęska and Joanna Tkaczyk

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:10

    Content type: Original article

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  39. In our previous studies, we found that the Ile394Thr SNP in the melanopsin gene (OPN4) was functionally associated with the pupillary light reflex. This indicates the possibility that OPN4*Ile394Thr is associated...

    Authors: Sang-il Lee, Akiko Hida, Shingo Kitamura, Kazuo Mishima and Shigekazu Higuchi

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:9

    Content type: Original article

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  40. It is widely believed that contact with the natural environment can improve physical and mental health. Urban green spaces may provide city residents with these benefits; however, there is a lack of empirical ...

    Authors: Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Miho Igarashi, Masayuki Miwa, Michiko Takagaki and Yoshifumi Miyazaki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:8

    Content type: Original article

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  41. Renal impairment is known to be associated with atherosclerosis, which in turn is reported to be positively associated with hemoglobin levels. In addition, renal impairment is known to be associated with a for...

    Authors: Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Mami Tamai, Kazuhiko Arima, Hironori Yamasaki, Yosuke Kusano, Noboru Takamura and Takahiro Maeda

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:7

    Content type: Original article

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  42. In recent years, the physiological relaxing effect brought by nature is becoming clear; however, many workers find it difficult to be exposed to nature in their working environment. Exposure to fresh flowers r...

    Authors: Harumi Ikei, Misako Komatsu, Chorong Song, Eri Himoro and Yoshifumi Miyazaki

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:6

    Content type: Original article

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  43. The editors of Journal of Physiological Anthropology would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 32 (2013).

    Authors: Akira Yasukouchi

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:3

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    Published on:

  44. This study investigated the effect of hydration differences on body fluid and temperature regulation between tropical and temperate indigenes exercising in the heat.

    Authors: Hitoshi Wakabayashi, Titis Wijayanto, Joo-Young Lee, Nobuko Hashiguchi, Mohamed Saat and Yutaka Tochihara

    Citation: Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2014 33:5

    Content type: Original article

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