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Table 2 Summary of Steel-Dwass’s test results using the subjective SD method

From: Psychological and physiological effect in humans of touching plant foliage - using the semantic differential method and cerebral activity as indicators

Adjectives m-f m-n m-a f-n f-a n-a
warm, cold m < f**   m < a** f > n** f > a**
smooth, rough m > f** m > n** m > a** f < n* f < a**
soft, hard m < f** m < n** m < a**   f > a**
natural, artificial m < f** m < n** m < a**  
familiar, unfamiliar  
kind, unkind m < f**   f > n** f > a**
calming, stimulating    
peaceful, anxious m < f**    f > n** f > a**  
pleasant, unpleasant m < f**    f > n** f > a**  
like, dislike m < f**    f > n** f > a*  
  1. *, P < 0.05 by Steel-Dwass’s test; **, P < 0.01 by Steel-Dwass’s test; -, any difference of median without statistical significance; >, the left side is larger than the right side in the descriptor; < the right side is larger than the left side in the descriptor. m, metal; f, fabric; n, natural pothos; a, artificial pothos.