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Table 1 Sex-specific characteristics of the study population by hypertension status

From: Hemoglobin as a possible biochemical index of hypertension-induced vascular damage

  Men Women
  Hypertension Hypertension
  (−) (+) p (−) (+) p
No. of cases 194 198   402 314  
Age 69.4 ± 9.4 69.9 ± 9.1 0.612 67.3 ± 9.7 72.9 ± 8.9 <0.001
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), pg/mL 279.7 ± 126.8 284.6 ± 150.9 0.730 239.6 ± 88.7 256.1 ± 119.8 0.035
Hemoglobin (Hb), g/dL 14.5 ± 1.3 14.7 ± 1.2 0.025 12.9 ± 1.1 13.2 ± 1.2 0.003
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 123 ± 10 151 ± 13 <0.001 124 ± 10 153 ± 14 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 76 ± 9 91 ± 10 <0.001 74 ± 9 86 ± 11 <0.001
Body mass index (BMI), kg/m2 22.7 ± 2.7 23.7 ± 3.1 <0.001 22.3 ± 3.5 23.1 ± 3.3 0.004
Curent drinker, % 53.1 63.6 0.034 17.7 14.0 0.188
Curent smoker, % 16.5 18.2 0.660 3.7 1.6 0.085
Serum HDL cholesterol, mg/dL 56 ± 15 57 ± 14 0.588 63 ± 14 61 ± 14 0.049
Serum LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 109 ± 28 111 ± 29 0.517 120 ± 28 124 ± 29 0.052
Serum triglyceride (TG), mg/dL 108 ± 72 122 ± 111 0.144 99 ± 53 114 ± 62 <0.001
Serum aspartate transaminase (AST), IU/L 25 ± 9 26 ± 11 0.096 22 ± 6 23 ± 7 0.127
Serum γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (γ-GTP), IU/L 34 ± 28 51 ± 79 0.004 23 ± 19 21 ± 14 0.073
Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), % 5.6 ± 0.5 5.8 ± 0.9 0.109 5.6 ± 0.4 5.7 ± 0.5 0.137
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), mL/min/1.73 m2 69.1 ± 15.2 69.4 ± 13.8 0.847 68.8 ± 14.1 66.5 ± 13.6 0.026