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Table 2 Partial correlation coefficients adjusted for age between ASM and measured values in middle-aged and elderly men and women

From: Comparison between clinical significance of height-adjusted and weight-adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle mass

  Men Women
ASM/Ht2 (kg/m2) ASM/Wt × 100 (%) ASM/Ht2 (kg/m2) ASM/Wt × 100 (%)
R P value R P value R P value R P value
ASM/Ht2 (kg/m2) 0.577 <0.001 0.467 <0.001
ASM/Wt × 100 (%) 0.577 <0.001 0.467 <0.001
Height (cm) 0.086 N.S. 0.097 <0.01 0.039 N.S. 0.148 <0.001
Weight (kg) 0.427 <0.001 −0.199 <0.01 0.431 <0.001 −0.373 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 0.538 <0.001 −0.374 <0.001 0.478 <0.001 −0.549 <0.001
WC (cm) 0.198 <0.01 −0.485 <0.001 0.209 <0.001 −0.558 <0.001
Percent body fat (%) −0.239 <0.001 −0.729 <0.001 −0.251 <0.001 −0.896 <0.001
Handgrip strength (kg) 0.383 <0.001 0.394 <0.001 0.340 <0.001 0.283 <0.001
Whole-body BMD (g/cm2) 0.352 <0.001 0.139 <0.05 0.275 <0.001 0.207 <0.001
Arm BMD (g/cm2) 0.422 <0.001 0.190 <0.01 0.324 <0.001 0.249 <0.001
Lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2) 0.206 <0.05 0.080 N.S. 0.244 <0.001 0.150 <0.001
Leg BMD (g/cm2) 0.442 <0.001 0.167 <0.01 0.378 <0.001 0.174 <0.001
HbA1c (%) −0.032 N.S. 0.019 N.S. 0.009 N.S. −0.104 <0.01
TG (mg/dl) −0.032 N.S. −0.153 <0.05 −0.045 N.S. −0.224 <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dl) 0.051 N.S. 0.246 <0.001 0.001 N.S. 0.333 <0.001
TG/HDL ratio −0.033 N.S. −0.179 <0.05 −0.039 N.S. −0.268 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 0.060 N.S. −0.011 N.S. 0.035 N.S. −0.114 <0.01
DBP (mmHg) 0.141 <0.05 −0.039 N.S. 0.034 N.S. −0.127 <0.001
baPWV (cm/s) −0.214 <0.01 −0.149 <0.05 −0.153 <0.001 −0.141 <0.001
  1. ASM appendicular skeletal muscle mass, Ht height, Wt weight, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, BMD bone mineral density, HbA1c glycohemoglobin A1c, TG triglycerides, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, baPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity