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Table 4 Partial correlation analysis between adipose tissue and vital capacity index in BMI-, BFP-, and WHR- based male subgroups

From: Effects of fat distribution on lung function in young adults

  BMI BFP WHR
Underweight Normal Overweight Obese Overweight + obese Low fat Normal fat High fat Obese Overweight + obese Normal Obese
Controlling variables n= 136 408 52 14 66 260 306 30 14 44 527 83
FFM and TMM FM − 0.136 − 0.231** − 0.068 0.004 − 0.198 − 0.053 − 0.187** − 0.094 − 0.329 − 0.108 − 0.203** − 0.175
VAF < − 0.001 − 0.237** − 0.082 − 0.174 − 0.233 − 0.083 − 0.193** − 0.012 − 0.548 − 0.120 − 0.200** − 0.192
VAT − 0.146 − 0.235** − 0.070 0.019 − 0.199 − 0.048 − 0.179** − 0.123 − 0.291 − 0.106 − 0.198** − 0.156
SAT − 0.136 − 0.231** − 0.067 − 0.011 − 0.199 − 0.052 − 0.191** − 0.078 − 0.355 − 0.110 − 0.204** − 0.180
  1. FM fat mass, VFA visceral fat area, VAT visceral adipose tissue, SAT subcutaneous adipose tissue, BMI body mass index, BFP body fat percentage, WHR waist-to-hip ratio.
  2. **P < 0.01, with statistical significance