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Table 5 Partial correlation analysis between adipose tissue and vital capacity index in BMI-, BFP-, and WHR-based female subgroup

From: Effects of fat distribution on lung function in young adults

  BMI BFP WHR
Underweight Normal Overweight Obese Overweight + obese Low fat Normal fat High fat Obese Overweight + obese Normal Obese
Controlling variables n= 472 977 35 7 42 424 1041 21 5 26 527 83
FFM and TMM FM − 0.195** − 0.165** − 0.397* − 0.816 − 0.421** − 0.163** − 0.147** − 0.164 − 0.607 − 0.214 − 0.251** − 0.275**
VAF − 0.028 − 0.108** − 0.405* − 0.873 − 0.428** < − 0.001 − 0.108** − 0.006 − 0.668 − 0.241 − 0.094** − 0.257**
VAT − 0.170* − 0.160** − 0.407* − 0.841 − 0.413** − 0.137** − 0.145** 0.006 − 0.574 − 0.245 − 0.233** − 0.280**
SAT − 0.196** − 0.165** − 0.391* − 0.810 − 0.421** − 0.164** − 0.145** − 0.172 − 0.616 − 0.204 − 0.251** − 0.272**
  1. FM fat mass, VFA visceral fat area, VAT visceral adipose tissue, SAT subcutaneous adipose tissue, BMI body mass index, BFP body fat percentage, WHR waist-to-hip ratio
  2. *P < 0.05; **P <  0.01, all with statistical significance