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Table 2 Changes in the variables during 2-week beta-congllycinin and placebo intakes

From: Effects of beta-conglycinin intake on circulating FGF21 levels and brown adipose tissue activity in Japanese young men: a single intake study and a randomized controlled trial

  Beta-conglycinin group (n = 8) Placebo (n = 6) P
  Pre Post Pre Post  
Age (year) 20.9 ± 1.2        21.3 ± 0.7        
Height (cm) 168.9 ± 4.7        176.3 ± 3.7        
Weight (kg) 59.8 ± 7.0 59.9 ± 6.8 0.2 ± 1.0 62.0 ± 6.3 62.7 ± 6.3 0.8 ± 1.1 0.337
BMI (kg/m²) 20.9 ± 2.3 21.0 ± 2.3 0.1 ± 0.3 20.0 ± 1.7 20.1 ± 1.6 0.0 ± 0.3 0.769
Body fat (%) 14.1 ± 4.6 14.3 ± 5.0 0.3 ± 1.4 11.6 ± 5.2 11.9 ± 5.2 0.3 ± 1.1 0.906
Serum metabolic parameters                    
 Glucose (mg/dL) 88.9 ± 2.3 90.5 ± 4.8 1.6 ± 4.2 93.8 ± 5.8 89.5 ± 8.4 -4.3 ± 6.8 0.071
 Triglyceride (mg/dL) 52.3 ± 23.4 69.8 ± 23.5 17.5 ± 23.5 52.2 ± 25.7 65.0 ± 29.9 12.8 ± 25.3 0.738
 AST (U/I) 20.4 ± 2.9 20.6 ± 2.9 0.3 ± 2.9 20.0 ± 2.4 19.8 ± 1.8 -0.2 ± 1.3 0.762
 ALT (U/I) 21.4 ± 16.2 16.1 ± 3.5 -5.3 ± 13.9 17.3 ± 6.7 17.7 ± 5.1 0.3 ± 2.3 0.383
 FGF21 (pg/mL) 146.6 ± 85.0 158.1 ± 91.6 11.4 ± 85.1 68.0 ± 29.4 84.0 ± 52.2 16.1 ± 53.3 0.913
Energy and nutrients intake (/day)                    
 Energy (kcal) 2144 ± 599 2137 ± 465 -7 ± 285 1899 ± 220 2303 ± 409 404 ± 671 0.147
 Protein (g) 67.1 ± 20.1 89.4 ± 16.9 22.3 ± 17.7 70.2 ± 11.6 78.7 ± 11.5 8.5 ± 16.6 0.182
 Fat (g) 74.2 ± 21.5 66.9 ± 17.7 -7.2 ± 14.1 66.7 ± 7.6 86.0 ± 24.8 19.2 ± 34.6 0.075
 Carbohydrate (g) 279.5 ± 86.4 280.7 ± 63.2 1.2 ± 45.2 243.6 ± 33.4 285.3 ± 44.2 41.8 ± 78.6 0.253
BAT activity (supraclavicular - chest skin temperature; °C)
 1-h after cold exposure 0.89 ± 0.28 0.86 ± 0.34 -0.03 ± 0.24 0.90 ± 0.34 0.84 ± 0.35 -0.08 ± 0.13 0.656
 2-h after cold exposure 0.87 ± 0.31 0.91 ± 0.38 0.04 ± 0.28 0.77 ± 0.37 0.88 ± 0.39 0.08 ± 0.23 0.804
  1. BMI, body mass index; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; FGF21, fibroblast growth factor 21; BAT, brown adipose tissue. Values are presented as mean ± SD. P values were obtained by unpaired Student's t test