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Fig. 1 | Journal of Physiological Anthropology

Fig. 1

From: Pulse rate variability: a new biomarker, not a surrogate for heart rate variability

Fig. 1

Spectrum and cross-spectrum analyses of R-R interval (RRI), pulse transit time (PTT), pulse interval (PI), and respiration (Resp) measured from simultaneous recordings of ECG, finger-tip photoplethysmography (PPG), and nose-tip thermistor respiration in a female patient (91 year) with an implanted cardiac pacemaker with a fixed pacing rate (70 bpm). All signals were recorded at 1000 Hz. PTT was measured as time from ECG R wave to PPG presystolic foot point of each beat and PI as the interval between the foot points of consecutive beats. In panels il, shadowed area, solid line, and dashed line represent coherence, transfer magnitude, and phase, respectively. PSD, power spectral density

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