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Table 3 Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for prevalence of low muscle mass by the results of weight misperception

From: Weight over-reporting is associated with low muscle mass among community-dwelling Japanese adults aged 40 years and older: a cross sectional study

  n Number of low muscle mass OR (95% CI) Model 1 OR (95% CI) Model 2 OR (95% CI)
Under-reporters 174 8 (4.6%) 0.66 (0.26–1.65) 0.76 (0.27–2.11) 0.97 (0.34–2.86)
Acceptable-reporters 176 12 (6.8%) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Over-reporters 175 29 (16.6%) 2.72 (1.34–5.52) 2.01 (0.90–4.47) 2.37 (1.03–5.44)
  1. Model 1, adjusted for sex, age, and BMI. Model 2, model 1 plus exercise habit, smoking habit, drinking habit, self-reported physical fitness, self-reported health, and self-reported socioeconomic status
  2. CI Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio