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Table 3 Comorbidities and frequency of food intake by metabolic syndrome in women from Chiapas, México

From: Association of rs9939609-FTO with metabolic syndrome components among women from Mayan communities of Chiapas, Mexico

Variables With MetS (n) % (95% CI) Without MetS (n) % (95% CI) Total % (95% CI)
T2D 18 10.3 (6.4–15.4) 3 2.6 (a) 21 7.2 (4.7–10.6)
Hypertension 85 48.6 (41.2–55.9) 8 6.9 (3.3–12.6) 93 32 (26.8–37.5)
Polycystic ovary syndrome 20 11.4 (7.4–16.8) 11 9.5 (5.1–15.8) 31 10.7% (7.5–14.6)
Smoking 2 1.1 (a) 2 1.7 (a) 4 1.4 (a)
Alcoholic beverage consumption 52 29.7 (23.3–36.8) 43 31.7 (28.7–46.1) 95 32.6 (27.5–38.2)
Frequency of food group intake
Dairy products
  0–1 times per week 51 29.5 (23.1–36.6) 31 27.2 (19.7–35.9) 82 28.6 (23.6–34.0)
  2–4 times per week 51 29.5 (23.1–36.6) 45 39.5 (30.9–48.6) 96 33.4 (28.2–39.1)
   ≥ 5 times per week 71 41.0 (33.9–48.5) 38 33.3 (25.2–42.3) 109 38.0 (32.5–43.7)
Fruits
  0–1 times per week 36 20.8 (15.3–27.3) 26 22.8 (15.8–31.1) 62 21.6 (17.1–26.6)
  2–4 times per week 68 39.3 (32.3–46.7) 32 28.1 (20.4–36.8) 100 34.8 (29.5–40.5)
   ≥ 5 times per week 69 39.9 (32.8–47.3) 56 49.1 (40.1–58.2) 125 43.6 (37.9–49.3)
Vegetables
  0–1 times per week 27 15.6 (10.8–21.6) 21 18.4 (12.1–26.3) 48 16.7 (12.8–21.4)
  2–4 times per week 82 47.4 (40.1–54.8) 52 45.6 (36.7–54.8) 134 46.7 (41.0–52.5)
   ≥ 5 times per week 64 37.0 (30.1–44.4) 41 36.0 (27.6–45.0) 105 36.6 (31.2–42.3)
Red meats
  0–1 times per week 106 61.3 (53.9–68.3) 65 57.0 (47.8–65.8) 171 59.6 (53.8–65.1)
  2–4 times per week 61 35.3 (28.4–42.6) 42 36.8 (28.4–45.9) 103 35.9 (30.5–41.6)
   ≥ 5 times per week 6 3.5 (1.5–7.0) 7 6.1 (2.8–11.7) 13 4.5 (2.6–7.4)
Poultry
  0–1 times per week 94 54.3 (46.9–61.6) 60 52.6 (43.5–61.6) 154 53.7 (47.9–59.4)
  2–4 times per week 76 43.9 (36.7–51.4) 48 42.1 (33.3–51.3) 124 43.2 (37.6–49.0)
   ≥ 5 times per week 3 1.7 (a) 6 5.3 (2.2–10.5) 9 3.1 (1.6–5.6)
Fish and shellfish
  0–1 times per week 153 88.4 (83.0–92.6) 104 91.2 (85.0–95.4) 257 89.5 (85.6–92.7)
  2–4 times per week 20 11.6 (7.4–17.0) 9 7.9 (4.0–13.9) 29 10.1 (7.0–14.0)
  ≥ 5 times per week 0 0 (a) 1 0.9 (a) 1 0.3 (a)
Cereals and tubersa
  0–1 times per week 0 0 (a) 1 0.9 (a) 1 0.3 (a)
   ≥ 5 times per week 173 100 113 99.1 (96.0–99.9) 286 99.7 (98.4–100.0)
Legumes
  0–1 times per week 8 4.6 (2.2–8.5) 10 8.8 (4.6–15.0) 18 6.3 (3.9–9.5)
  2–4 times per week 35 20.2 (14.8–26.7) 31 27.2 (19.7–35.9) 66 23.0 (18.4–28.1)
   ≥ 5 times per week 130 75.1 (68.3–81.1) 73 64.0 (55.0–72.4) 203 70.7 (65.3–75.8)
Sugar-sweetened beverages
  0–1 times per week 95 54.9 (47.5–62.2) 64 56.1 (47.0–65.0) 159 55.4 (49.6–61.1)
  2–4 times per week 55 31.8 (25.2–39.0) 36 31.6 (23.6–40.5) 91 31.7 (26.5–37.3)
   ≥ 5 times per week 23 13.3 (8.9–18.9) 14 12.3 (7.2–19.2) 37 12.9 (9.4–17.1)
  1. aNot available